Mastering Climate Terms: How to Say Cold in Japanese

When visiting Japan, you may want to talk about the weather or express your sensations of coldness. In this section, we will guide you on how to say “cold” in Japanese, providing translations and explanations to help you express yourself accurately and confidently in everyday conversations. Here, you will learn the Japanese word for cold, cold in Japanese translation, and how to express cold in Japanese in different settings.

Understanding the Japanese Term for Cold

While there are several ways to say “cold” in Japanese, the most commonly used term is “samui” (寒い), which can be used to describe both cold weather and the sensation of being cold. This term is often used in daily conversation and is easy to remember.

However, there are other Japanese words and phrases that are associated with coldness and cold weather. For example, “tsumetai” (冷たい) is used to describe things that are physically cold, such as water or ice. “Kogarashi” (木枯らし) is a term used to describe the cold winter wind, while “fubuki” (吹雪) is used to describe a blizzard or heavy snowstorm.

Japanese Phrases for Cold

When discussing the sensation of being cold, there are a few common Japanese phrases that are useful to know:

Japanese Pronunciation Translation
寒いですね Samui desu ne It’s cold, isn’t it?
寒くて震えます Samukute furuemasu I’m shaking because it’s cold
体が冷えてしまいました Karada ga hiete shimaimashita My body has gotten cold

These phrases can be used in various situations, from casual conversations with friends to more formal interactions at work or school.

Overall, understanding the Japanese terms for cold and associated phrases can be helpful in navigating daily life during the colder months. By mastering these phrases, you can effectively communicate with native speakers and express your thoughts and feelings about the weather.

Expressing Cold in Japanese Conversations

Now that you have learned various Japanese words for “cold,” it’s time to put them into practice. In this section, we will provide you with some useful phrases and expressions to use in Japanese conversations when talking about coldness or the weather.

Ways to Say Cold in Japanese:

Japanese Reading Translation
寒い さむい cold
冷たい つめたい chilly
冷える ひえる to become cold

When it comes to expressing the sensation of cold, you can use the following phrases:

  • 寒くて困る (samukute komaru) – It’s cold and troublesome
  • 寒くて震える (samukute furueru) – It’s so cold that I’m shivering
  • 寒さが身に沁みる (samo sa ga mi ni shimiru) – The cold goes to the bone
  • 寒さで凍える (samusa de kogoeru) – To be frozen with coldness
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If you need to talk about the weather, you can use the following examples:

  • 今日は寒いですね (kyou wa samui desu ne) – Today is cold, isn’t it?
  • 明日は寒くなるそうです (ashita wa samuku naru sou desu) – It seems like tomorrow will get cold
  • 冬はとても寒いです (fuyu wa totemo samui desu) – Winter is very cold

Remember, Japanese is a contextual language, so the usage and intonation of these phrases may vary depending on the situation and the relationship between the speakers. However, by learning these expressions, you can communicate more effectively and naturally in Japanese.

Cold-Related Vocabulary in Japanese

In Japanese, there are several words and phrases that can be used to describe coldness. Here are a few translations of the word “cold” in Japanese:

Japanese Translation
寒い (samui) Cold (temperature)
冷たい (tsumetai) Cold (to the touch)
冷える (hieru) To become cold

If you want to describe something as “very cold” in Japanese, you can use the phrase “totemo tsumetai” (とても冷たい) or “motto samui” (もっと寒い).

Here are a few additional Japanese words and phrases related to cold:

Japanese Translation
凍る (kooru) To freeze
霜 (shimo) Frost
マフラー (mafura) Scarf
手袋 (tebukuro) Gloves

Learning these words and phrases can help you better describe cold weather and sensations in Japanese conversations.

Cultural Insights on Cold in Japan

Understanding how the Japanese perceive cold weather can provide insights into their culture and way of life. In Japan, winter is a special season that is celebrated with unique customs and traditions.

Bathing in Hot Springs

In Japan, winter is the perfect time to visit hot springs, or “onsen”. These natural hot baths have been a significant part of Japanese culture for centuries. Bathing in onsens during the winter season is said to help with relaxation, improve circulation, and boost the immune system. This cultural practice is deeply ingrained in Japanese society, with many people making regular trips to onsens during the colder months.

Enjoying Hot Gourmet Foods

Japanese cuisine is famous for its hot, comfort foods that are perfect for cold weather. “Nabe” is a popular winter dish that consists of a hot pot of stew cooked at the table and shared among friends and family. “Oden” is another popular winter food that consists of various ingredients boiled in a broth, such as fish cakes, daikon radish, and eggs. These dishes are not only delicious but also provide warmth and comfort during the cold winter months.

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Celebrating Winter Festivals

Japan is known for its vibrant winter festivals that take place across the country. “Sapporo Snow Festival” is one of the most famous festivals, where massive sculptures made of snow and ice are exhibited. The “Joetsu International Snowflake Festival” is another popular festival where visitors can witness glittering snowflakes made by nature. These festivals are a great way to experience the beauty of winter in Japan and bond with friends and family.

In conclusion, cold weather in Japan is perceived as a season to embrace and enjoy. By exploring the cultural insights and traditions surrounding the winter season, you can gain a better understanding of the Japanese way of life and enhance your cultural knowledge and appreciation.


Q: How do you say “cold” in Japanese?

A: The word for “cold” in Japanese is “samui”.

Q: What are some common phrases related to cold weather in Japanese?

A: Some common phrases related to cold weather in Japanese are “samui desu ne” (It’s cold, isn’t it?), “samui kaze” (cold wind), and “samui tenki” (cold weather).

Q: How do you express the feeling of cold in Japanese conversations?

A: To express the feeling of cold in Japanese conversations, you can use phrases like “samui desu” (It’s cold), “samui ne” (It’s cold, right?), or “tsumetai” (cold).

Q: Are there any specific Japanese words or phrases related to coldness?

A: Yes, there are additional words and phrases related to coldness in Japanese. Some examples include “hie” (to feel cold), “samusa” (coldness), and “hyouga” (frozen).

Q: What cultural insights can you provide on cold weather in Japan?

A: In Japan, cold weather is often associated with traditional festivities such as the winter solstice and New Year celebrations. Additionally, hot springs (onsen) are popular during the cold winter months for relaxation and warming up.

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