Master the Phrase: How to Say Body in Japanese – Guide and Tips

Are you interested in learning Japanese? Whether you’re planning a trip to Japan or simply want to expand your language skills, understanding how to express the concept of “body” is an essential aspect of the language. In this guide, we will provide you with the tools to master body-related vocabulary in Japanese, from basic terms to specific body parts.

With our comprehensive guide, you’ll be able to confidently navigate conversations related to the body in Japanese. You’ll learn essential vocabulary such as the Japanese word for body “karada” and how to express common body-related issues or sensations such as “my head hurts” or “I have a stomach ache”.

We’ll also explore the cultural significance behind body-related expressions and terms in Japanese society, giving you a deeper understanding of the language and the culture. So, let’s get started and dive into the world of body-related vocabulary in Japanese!

Basic Vocabulary for Body in Japanese

As you begin your journey into mastering the Japanese language, it’s essential to familiarize yourself with the basic vocabulary related to the body. This will provide you with a solid foundation to express the concept of the body in Japanese.

English Japanese
Body 体 (karada)
Head 頭 (atama)
Face 顔 (kao)
Eye 目 (me)
Nose 鼻 (hana)
Mouth 口 (kuchi)
Ear 耳 (mimi)
Neck 首 (kubi)
Shoulder 肩 (kata)
Arm 腕 (ude)
Elbow 肘 (hiji)
Wrist 手首 (tekubi)
Hand 手 (te)
Fingers 指 (yubi)
Chest 胸 (mune)
Back 背中 (senaka)
Stomach 腹 (hara)
Hip 尻 (shiri)
Leg 脚 (ashi)
Knee 膝 (hiza)
Ankle 足首 (ashikubi)
Foot 足 (ashi)
Toes 足指 (ashiyubi)

With this basic vocabulary, you can now navigate basic conversation related to the body in Japanese. For more advanced expressions and sentences related to the body, continue reading.

Exploring Body Parts in Japanese

Now that you’ve familiarized yourself with basic body vocabulary in Japanese, it’s time to dive deeper into the specifics. Whether you need to identify a particular body part or describe a sensation, having a solid understanding of the relevant vocabulary is essential. Let’s explore some common body parts and phrases in Japanese:

Body Part Japanese Translation Phrases
Head 頭 (atama) 頭が痛い (atama ga itai) – “I have a headache”
Face 顔 (kao) 顔が赤い (kao ga akai) – “My face is red”
Eye 目 (me) 目が痛い (me ga itai) – “My eyes hurt”
Nose 鼻 (hana) 鼻が詰まる (hana ga tsumaru) – “My nose is stuffy”
Mouth 口 (kuchi) 口が渇く (kuchi ga kawaku) – “I’m thirsty”
Ear 耳 (mimi) 耳が聞こえない (mimi ga kikoenai) – “I can’t hear”
Arm 腕 (ude) 腕が痛い (ude ga itai) – “My arm hurts”
Hand 手 (te) 手がかじかむ (te ga kajikamu) – “My hands are numb”
Leg 足 (ashi) 足が疲れる (ashi ga tsukareru) – “My legs are tired”
Foot 足先 (ashisaki) 足先が冷える (ashisaki ga hieru) – “My feet are cold”
Stomach お腹 (onaka) お腹が空く (onaka ga suku) – “I’m hungry”

Keep in mind that Japanese often uses different words for body parts depending on the context. For example, 肩 (kata) can mean “shoulder” or “shoulders” depending on whether you’re referring to just one or both. Additionally, the word for “finger” can change depending on which finger you’re referring to. Be sure to pay attention to the specific vocabulary used in different contexts to avoid confusion.

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Practice: Using Body Parts in Japanese Phrases

Now that you know the vocabulary for various body parts in Japanese, it’s time to practice using them in phrases. Try constructing sentences using the words and phrases you’ve learned, such as:

  • 風邪をひいて、喉が痛い (kaze wo hiite, nodo ga itai) – “I caught a cold and my throat hurts”
  • 手首を捻挫した (tekubi wo nenza shita) – “I sprained my wrist”
  • 膝が痛くて歩けない (hiza ga itakute arukenai) – “My knee hurts and I can’t walk”

By practicing constructing phrases using body parts in Japanese, you’ll gain confidence in using the language and effectively communicating with others.

Expressing Body in Japanese Sentences

Now that you have familiarized yourself with basic vocabulary and specific body parts in Japanese, it’s time to take your language skills to the next level and learn how to construct sentences related to the body. This is essential for effective communication, especially when describing body-related issues or sensations. Below, we provide some useful Japanese phrases for expressing the body.

Phrases for Describing Body Sensations

English Japanese Reading
My head hurts 頭が痛いです Atama ga itai desu
I have a stomach ache お腹が痛いです Onaka ga itai desu
I feel nauseous 吐き気がします Hakike ga shimasu
My throat is sore 喉が痛いです Nodo ga itai desu

As you can see, many of these phrases use the expression “が痛い” (ga itai), which means “hurts.” To use this expression, simply replace the body part with the appropriate word, such as “頭” (atama) for “head” or “お腹” (onaka) for “stomach.”

Phrases for Describing Body Parts

When describing body parts in Japanese, it’s important to use the correct vocabulary. Here are some useful phrases to help you:

English Japanese Reading
I hit my hand 手を打ちました Te wo uchimashita
I sprained my ankle 足首をひねりました Ashikubi wo hinerimashita
I bumped my head 頭をぶつけました Atama wo butsukemashita

Remember to use the appropriate vocabulary for the body part you are describing, such as “手” (te) for “hand” or “足首” (ashikubi) for “ankle.”

With these phrases, you can confidently express body-related issues or sensations in Japanese. Practice using them in conversation to improve your language skills and fluency.

Pronouncing Body-related Words in Japanese

Mastering pronunciation is a crucial aspect of learning any language, and Japanese is no exception. In this section, we will guide you on correctly pronouncing body-related words in Japanese.

Japanese is a language with five vowels, and each vowel is pronounced clearly and distinctly. Here are the five Japanese vowels and their respective sounds:

Vowel Romaji Pronunciation
a ah
i ee
u oo
e eh
o oh

It’s important to note that in Japanese, the emphasis is placed on each syllable equally, unlike in English, where the emphasis is on certain syllables.

Now, let’s look at some common body-related words in Japanese and how to pronounce them:

Japanese Word Romaji Pronunciation
ashi ah-shee
te teh
me meh
atama ah-tah-mah
i ee
ude oo-deh
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With these examples and our pronunciation guide, you’ll be able to speak confidently when discussing body-related topics in Japanese.

Embracing Japanese Culture Through Body-related Expressions

Learning how to express the concept of the body in Japanese is not just about mastering vocabulary and sentence construction. It’s also about gaining insights into the unique aspects of Japanese culture. One way to do this is to explore how body-related expressions and terms are used in Japanese society.

Body Terms in Japanese

Japanese culture has a deep respect for the body, and this is reflected in the language. In Japanese, there are various terms related to the body that convey different nuances. For example, “tai” refers to the physical body, while “shin” refers to the spiritual body.

Another interesting term is “hara,” which can mean both “belly” and “center.” In Japanese tradition, the hara is considered to be the physical center of the body and also the center of one’s energy.

The Japanese Word for Body

The Japanese word for “body” is “karada,” which is not just a physical entity, but also has cultural and social significance. In Japanese society, there is a strong emphasis on maintaining harmony and balance, and the body is seen as a manifestation of this balance. This is why traditional Japanese medicine focuses on maintaining balance and health of the body.

Body Vocabulary in Japanese

The Japanese language has a rich vocabulary related to the body, which reflects the cultural significance of the body in Japanese society. For example, “ashi” means “foot,” “ude” means “arm,” and “atama” means “head.” There are also specific words for body parts that are used in martial arts, such as “koshi” for “hip” and “hiza” for “knee.”

Learning about body-related expressions and terms in Japanese can help you gain a deeper appreciation and understanding of Japanese culture. It’s not just about learning a language, but also about immersing yourself in a different way of life.


Q: How do you say “body” in Japanese?

A: The Japanese word for “body” is “karada”.

Q: What are some basic vocabulary words for the body in Japanese?

A: Some basic vocabulary words for the body in Japanese include “ashi” (leg), “te” (hand), and “atama” (head).

Q: How can I express body-related issues or sensations in Japanese?

A: To express body-related issues or sensations in Japanese, you can use phrases like “Nodo ga itai desu” (I have a sore throat) or “Onaka ga itai desu” (My stomach hurts).

Q: How do you pronounce body-related words in Japanese?

A: Pronunciation is important in language learning. You can listen to audio examples and follow our guide to pronounce body-related words accurately in Japanese.

Q: What is the cultural significance behind body terms in Japanese?

A: Body-related expressions and terms in Japanese often reflect unique aspects of Japanese culture. Explore how these terms are used in Japanese society to gain insights into the cultural significance behind them.

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