Learning How to Say When in Japanese – Simple Guide

Learning a new language can be challenging, especially if you’re not sure where to start. If you’re studying Japanese, one of the essential vocabulary words to master is “when.” Knowing how to say “when” in Japanese is crucial for everyday conversations involving time and schedules. This guide will provide you with a simple and comprehensive approach to learning how to express “when” in Japanese confidently.

Whether you’re looking for the Japanese translation for “when,” different ways to express “when” in Japanese, or common Japanese phrases related to “when,” we’ve got you covered. This guide will also teach you how to ask “when” in Japanese, the Japanese word for “when,” and tips on pronouncing “when” correctly in Japanese. By the end of this guide, you’ll have a strong understanding of how to use “when” in various contexts in Japanese.

Let’s dive in and explore how to say “when” in Japanese!

Expressing “When” in Japanese

Learning how to say “when” in Japanese involves understanding the various ways to express this concept in the language. The Japanese equivalent of “when” is “いつ” (itsu), and there are many other vocabulary words related to time that you can use to convey “when” in different situations.

Japanese Romaji English Translation
ima now
ato later
昨日 kinou yesterday
明日 ashita tomorrow
今週 konshuu this week
来週 raishuu next week

These vocabulary words can be used in various sentence structures to express “when” in different contexts. For example:

  • “今何時ですか?” (ima nan-ji desu ka?) – What time is it now?
  • “明日の予定は何ですか?” (ashita no yotei wa nan desu ka?) – What are your plans for tomorrow?
  • “来週の火曜日に会いましょう” (raishuu no kayoubi ni aimashou) – Let’s meet next Tuesday.

Using Particles to Indicate Time

In addition to vocabulary words, particles can also be used to indicate “when” in Japanese. The most common particle used for this purpose is “に” (ni), which is used to indicate specific times or dates.

  • “8時に起きます” (hachi-ji ni okimasu) – I wake up at 8 o’clock.
  • “明日に会いましょう” (ashita ni aimashou) – Let’s meet tomorrow.
  • “来週の金曜日にパーティーをします” (raishuu no kinyoubi ni paatii wo shimasu) – We’ll have a party next Friday.

Another particle that can be used to indicate time is “で” (de), which is used to indicate the time period during which an action takes place. For example:

  • “昼食は12時から1時までです” (chuu-shoku wa juuni-ji kara juu-ichi-ji made desu) – Lunch is from 12 to 1 o’clock.
  • “秋には紅葉がきれいです” (aki ni wa kouyou ga kirei desu) – The autumn leaves are beautiful in fall.

By using these particles and vocabulary words, you can express “when” in Japanese with greater precision and accuracy.

Asking “When” in Japanese

One of the most essential aspects of learning how to say “when” in Japanese is knowing how to ask for it. Here are some common Japanese phrases that you can use to inquire about time or schedules:

Japanese English Translation
いつですか? (itsu desu ka?) When is it?
何時ですか? (nanji desu ka?) What time is it?
何時に会いましょうか? (nanji ni aimashou ka?) What time shall we meet?

As you can see, these phrases use the Japanese equivalent of “when” (いつ, itsu) or the Japanese word for “time” (時間, jikan) to ask about schedules and time. It’s important to note that the level of politeness of these phrases can vary depending on the situation.

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In more formal settings, it’s appropriate to use humble language (謙譲語, kenjougo) or honorific language (尊敬語, sonkeigo) to show respect. For example, instead of saying “itsu desu ka?” you could say “お集まりは、いつになさいますか? (o-atsumari wa, itsu ni nasaimasu ka?)” which translates to “When will the gathering take place?” and uses honorific language to show respect.

By using these phrases and adjusting the level of politeness based on the context, you’ll be able to ask “when” in Japanese appropriately and confidently.

Japanese Vocabulary for Time

Expanding your Japanese vocabulary related to time is essential to accurately expressing “when” in Japanese. Here are some common words and phrases to help you communicate effectively:

Japanese English
いつ When
Now
今晩 Tonight
今日 Today
明日 Tomorrow
来週 Next week
先週 Last week

In addition, there are different ways to express time in Japanese, depending on the context. For example, you can use “ごろ” (goro) to indicate approximate time, such as “6時ごろ” (rokujigoro) meaning “around 6 o’clock.” You can also use “から” (kara) to indicate a starting point, such as “4時から” (yojikara) meaning “from 4 o’clock.”

Japanese Word for “When”

The Japanese word for “when” is “いつ” (itsu). You can use it in a question or statement to inquire or indicate a specific time.

By familiarizing yourself with these words and phrases, you’ll be able to express “when” accurately in different contexts and conversations. Practice using them in your conversations and continue to expand your vocabulary to enhance your overall communication skills in Japanese!

Pronunciation Tips for “When” in Japanese

Correct pronunciation is crucial when learning a new language, and Japanese is no exception. Here are some useful tips to help you pronounce “when” correctly in Japanese:

Japanese Character Pronunciation
いつ (itsu) ee-tsu

As you can see, the Japanese word for “when” is “itsu,” which is pronounced as “ee-tsu.”

When pronouncing “itsu,” pay attention to the vowel sound “i” which is pronounced like “ee” in English. You should also stress the second syllable “tsu” with a sharp, glottal stop, which sounds similar to the “ts” sound in “cats.”

Practice saying “itsu” slowly and clearly at first, then gradually speed up and try to mimic the natural, flowing sound of native Japanese speakers.

Remember, mastering pronunciation takes time and practice, so don’t get discouraged if you don’t get it right away.

Common Phrases with “When” in Japanese

Now that you have a solid understanding of how to say “when” in Japanese and how to express it in various ways, it’s time to practice using it in common phrases. Here are some examples:

Japanese Phrase English Translation
いつにしますか?
(itsu ni shimasu ka?)
When shall we do it?
何時に始まりますか?
(nanji ni hajimarimasu ka?)
What time does it start?
いつからいつまでですか?
(itsu kara itsu made desu ka?)
From when to when?
もうすぐいつもの時間です。
(mou sugu itsumo no jikan desu.)
It’s almost time for our regular meeting.
今週の何曜日が一番都合がいいですか?
(konshuu no nan’youbi ga ichiban tsugou ga ii desu ka?)
Which day of the week is most convenient for you this week?

By incorporating these phrases into your conversational practice, you’ll not only improve your language skills but also your ability to effectively communicate about time-related matters in Japanese.

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Remember to use the Japanese vocabulary for “when” to accurately express time and schedules. The more you practice incorporating these phrases into your daily conversations, the more natural it will become.

Recap and Conclusion

Learning how to say “when” in Japanese is an essential aspect of mastering the language. Throughout this guide, we’ve explored different ways to express “when” in Japanese, taught you how to ask about time or schedules, introduced you to Japanese vocabulary related to time, provided pronunciation tips, and shared common phrases with “when.” By expanding your understanding of how to use “when” in various contexts, you’ll be equipped to communicate effectively in everyday conversations.

Remember, the Japanese translation for “when” is “いつ” (itsu), and there are numerous ways to express “when” in Japanese, depending on the situation and level of formality. You can use phrases such as “何時に” (nanji ni) when asking about a specific time or “いつか” (itsuka) when referring to a future date. It’s also essential to know the Japanese word for “when,” which is “いつ” (itsu).

Pronunciation is crucial to sounding natural in Japanese, so make sure to practice saying “when” correctly. A helpful tip is to emphasize the second syllable, so the word sounds like “WEEN” instead of “when.”

By familiarizing yourself with common Japanese phrases that include “when,” you’ll expand your overall conversational skills and be able to communicate effectively in everyday situations. Remember to pay attention to the context and tone of the conversation to use “when” appropriately.

In conclusion, we hope this guide has provided you with practical knowledge and valuable insights into how to say “when” in Japanese. By mastering this essential aspect of Japanese, you’ll be able to engage in conversations about time and schedules with ease and expand your overall ability to communicate in the language. Keep practicing and using the language, and you’ll see improvements in no time.

FAQ

Q: How do you say “when” in Japanese?

A: The Japanese word for “when” is “itsu.”

Q: What are some common Japanese phrases for “when”?

A: Some common Japanese phrases for “when” include “itsu desu ka?” (when is it?) and “itsu ni aimashou ka?” (when shall we meet?).

Q: How do you ask “when” in Japanese?

A: To ask “when” in Japanese, you can use phrases like “itsu desu ka?” (when is it?) and “itsu ni narimasu ka?” (when will it be?).

Q: How do you pronounce “when” in Japanese?

A: The pronunciation of “when” in Japanese, written as “itsu,” is “ee-tsoo.”

Q: What are some other ways to express “when” in Japanese?

A: Besides “itsu,” you can also express “when” in Japanese using phrases like “donna toki” (what time) and “nanji ni” (at what time).

Q: What is the Japanese equivalent of “when”?

A: The Japanese equivalent of “when” is “itsu.”

Q: Can you provide some common phrases with “when” in Japanese?

A: Sure! Here are a few common phrases:
– “itsu kaerimasu ka?” (when will you go home?)
– “itsu kore o shimasu ka?” (when will you do this?)
– “itsu okimasu ka?” (when will you wake up?)
– “itsu kaisha ni ikimasu ka?” (when will you go to work?)

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