Mastering Language: How to Say Last Week in Japanese

Learning a new language involves mastering essential phrases like time-related expressions. One such phrase is “last week,” which is crucial in communicating effectively in Japanese. In this section, you’ll explore the different ways to express “last week” in Japanese and how to incorporate them into your conversations with ease.

Using the correct Japanese phrase for “last week” is crucial in conveying the right message in different contexts. In the next section, we’ll dive into the common translations for “last week” and how to use them appropriately. As you continue to learn the Japanese language, mastering this phrase will undoubtedly enhance your fluency and cultural understanding.

In the next section, we’ll look at the Japanese phrase for “last week” and how to express it in different situations, from casual to formal. Understanding the nuances of these phrases will help you communicate more effectively and avoid any confusion or misinterpretation.

Additionally, Japanese also has a specific word for “last week,” which we’ll explore in the following section. Understanding the unique aspects of the language’s writing system is also essential in reading and writing time-related phrases accurately.

As you learn how to say “last week” in Japanese, don’t forget to incorporate it into your conversations. In the next section, we’ll provide examples and scenarios to help you use the phrase naturally and fluently.

Finally, mastering the Japanese phrase for “last week” not only expands your language skills but also deepens your cultural understanding. In the last section, we’ll discuss the benefits of practicing and using this phrase regularly and how it can enhance your overall Japanese communication.

Japanese Translation for Last Week

When it comes to expressing “last week” in Japanese, there are a few phrases you can use depending on the context. The most commonly used translation for “last week” is “senshuu”. This phrase is a combination of two words, “sen” meaning “previous” or “last,” and “shuu” meaning “week.”

For example, if you want to say “I went to the park last week” in Japanese, you would say “Sen shuu kouen ni itta.” Here, the phrase “sen shuu” is used to indicate “last week,” followed by the verb “itta” meaning “went.”

Japanese equivalent of “Last Week”

Another commonly used phrase to express “last week” is “sakunen no kouen.” This phrase literally translates to “park of last year,” where “sakunen” means “last year” and “kouen” means “park.” However, in the context of time-related phrases, this phrase is used to indicate the previous week.

For example, if you want to say “I watched a movie last week,” you could say “Sakunen no kouen de eiga wo mimashita.” Here, the phrase “sakunen no kouen” is used to indicate “last week,” followed by the verb “mimashita” meaning “watched.”

How to Express Last Week in Japanese

Learning how to say time-related phrases is essential for effective communication in Japanese. In this section, we will learn the specific phrases and expressions used to convey the concept of “last week” in Japanese.

Standard Phrases

The most common and straightforward way to say “last week” in Japanese is sen-shuu (先週). This phrase is applicable in both formal and casual conversations. For instance, if you want to say “I went to Tokyo last week,” you can say sen-shuu, Tokyo ni itta (先週、東京に行った).

Another commonly used phrase for “last week” is sen-getsu no kono hi (先月のこの日), which means “this day last month.” It is used when indicating a specific date in the past. For example, “Last week on Wednesday, I visited Kyoto” can be said as sen-shuu no sui-youbi, Kyoto ni iku (先週の水曜日、京都に行く).

Casual Expressions

In casual conversations, some people use senshuu no koto (先週のこと, “about last week”) instead of sen-shuu to express “last week.” This phrase is more flexible and can be used to refer to any event or happening that occurred in the previous week.

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Another casual expression that you might come across is ra-shuu (ら週), which is a shorthand way of saying “last week” in Japanese. If someone says ra-shuu no bends (ら週のベンズ), they are referring to “Ben’s last week” or “what Ben did last week.”

It is worth noting that while the above phrases and expressions are commonly used, they are not the only ways to say “last week” in Japanese. Depending on the situation and context, other phrases and expressions may be more suitable.

Now that you know how to express “last week” in Japanese, let’s move on to exploring the specific term for it.

Japanese Word for Last Week

Aside from the various phrases used to express “last week” in Japanese, there is also a specific word associated with it “senshū”. This word is made up of two kanji characters: “sen”, meaning “last”, and “shū”, meaning week. Together, they form the Japanese word for “last week”.

In written Japanese, “senshū” is typically spelled as “先週”. The first kanji represents “before” or “previous”, and the second kanji represents “week”.

When it comes to using “senshū” in conversation, it is typically used in more formal or professional contexts. In more casual situations, it is more common to use the phrases discussed in the previous sections.

Last Week in Japanese Writing

When writing in Japanese, it is essential to understand how to convey time-related phrases accurately. To express “last week” in Japanese writing, you can use two primary writing systems: kanji and hiragana.

The kanji for “last week” is 上週. The first character, 上, means “previous” or “above,” while the second character, 週, means “week.” Together, they create the phrase “previous week” or “last week.”

Kanji Hiragana English Translation
上週 じょうしゅう Last week

Alternatively, you can also write “last week” in hiragana; じょうしゅう. This form is the phonetic representation of the kanji writing, and therefore, it is often used when writing for beginners or when kanji isn’t appropriate.

It is essential to note that the usage of kanji and hiragana can vary depending on the context and the writer’s preference. Therefore, it’s crucial to have a comprehensive understanding of both writing systems to read and write accurately.

Mastering Japanese Writing

Learning to write in Japanese can be a challenging yet highly rewarding experience. Whether you’re planning a trip to Japan or learning Japanese for personal or professional reasons, writing time-related phrases accurately is crucial.

Practice is key to improving your Japanese writing skills. Start by practicing writing simple phrases and gradually move to more complex sentences. Reading Japanese texts, such as news articles, stories, or social media posts, can also help improve your writing skills.

Remember, the more you practice, the more confident you’ll become in your Japanese writing abilities.

Incorporating Last Week into Conversations

Now that you know how to say “last week” in Japanese, it’s time to learn how to use this phrase in conversations. Here are a few examples to help you incorporate it naturally:

Situation Phrase
Talking about your weekend “週末は何をしましたか?先週は、友達と映画を見に行きました。”
Discussing a business project “先週のミーティングで決まったことを報告します。”

These phrases can be used in both casual and formal situations, depending on your relationship with the person you are talking to. It’s important to pay attention to the context of the conversation and adjust your language accordingly.

Additionally, using time-related phrases like “last week” in Japanese shows that you have a deeper understanding of the language and culture. It can help you connect with Japanese speakers on a more personal level and enhance your overall communication skills.

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Enhancing Language Skills and Cultural Understanding

Learning the Japanese phrase and word for “last week” goes beyond just being able to express a time-related concept accurately. It also deepens your cultural understanding and enhances your Japanese language skills.

Mastering this language skill shows your respect for the Japanese language and culture. In conversations with native speakers, using the correct terminology for “last week” shows your understanding and appreciation of the language. It also helps you to build stronger relationships with Japanese people.

Additionally, understanding the nuances and usage of phrases and words related to time in Japanese can also improve your overall communication skills. It may contribute to better conversations and improved cultural immersion, both of which can be beneficial in personal and professional relationships.

By learning the Japanese phrase and word for “last week,” you are taking a step towards becoming a more fluent Japanese speaker. With continued practice and immersion in the language, your Japanese communication skills will undoubtedly improve.

Overall, learning the Japanese phrase and word for “last week” is an essential step in improving your Japanese language skills and cultural understanding. By mastering this language skill, you can enrich your personal and professional relationships and enhance your experience with Japanese language and culture.


Learning how to say “last week” in Japanese is an essential language skill for effective communication. By mastering the phrases and expressions discussed in this article, you can seamlessly incorporate this concept into your conversations in both casual and formal settings. Remember to also familiarize yourself with the specific word for “last week” and how it is used in different contexts.

Practicing your language skills and using these phrases regularly will undoubtedly enhance your overall Japanese fluency and cultural understanding. Whether you’re traveling to Japan or simply have an interest in the language, incorporating “last week” into your vocabulary will undoubtedly benefit your communication abilities.

Keep Learning

If you want to expand your language skills further, consider taking a Japanese language course or finding a language exchange partner to practice with. Additionally, immersing yourself in Japanese media, such as TV shows, movies, and books, can help you improve your language comprehension and cultural understanding.


Q: How do you say “last week” in Japanese?

A: There are a few ways to express “last week” in Japanese. The most commonly used phrases include “sen shuu” (先週), “sakushuu” (先週), and “kyuushuu mae no shuu” (九州前の週).

Q: Can you provide examples of how to use these phrases?

A: Certainly! For example, you can say “sen shuu no getsuyoubi” (先週の月曜日) to mean “last Monday,” or “kyuushuu mae no shuu ni” (九州前の週に) to indicate “two weeks ago.”

Q: Is there a specific word for “last week” in Japanese?

A: Yes, apart from phrases, Japanese also has a specific word for “last week,” which is “senshuu” (先週).

Q: How is the concept of “last week” written in Japanese?

A: In written form, “last week” is typically expressed as “先週” in Japanese characters.

Q: How can I incorporate the phrase for “last week” into conversations?

A: To incorporate “last week” into conversations, you can use phrases like “sen shuu ni” (先週に) or “senshuu wa” (先週は) to indicate events or activities that happened in the previous week.

Q: What is the importance of learning how to say “last week” in Japanese?

A: Learning how to say “last week” in Japanese expands your language skills and deepens your cultural understanding. Mastering this phrase enhances your overall Japanese communication and fluency.

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