Mastering the Language: How to Say Room in Japanese

Are you eager to expand your Japanese vocabulary and improve your language skills? One important topic to master is how to say “room” in Japanese. In this section, we’ll introduce you to the different ways to express this concept in Japanese, including the Japanese word for room and its various translations. By the end of this section, you’ll be able to confidently say “room” in Japanese and even use it in sentences.

If you’re wondering how to pronounce “room” in Japanese, you’re not alone. Japanese pronunciation can be daunting, but we’re here to guide you through it. You’ll soon discover that Japanese has unique sounds and intonations that give the language its distinctive flair. So, let’s dive in and get started on mastering the language!

Understanding the Concept of “Room”

Before we dive into the specific words for “room” in Japanese, it’s important to understand the Japanese concept of a room and its cultural significance. In Japan, rooms are often viewed as multi-functional spaces that can be quickly transformed for various activities. For example, a traditional Japanese tatami room can be used for sleeping, relaxing, or entertaining guests.

The Japanese language reflects this flexible concept of rooms. While there are specific words for different types of rooms, there are also general words that can refer to any type of room. For example, “heya” (部屋) is a common Japanese word for “room” that can be used in a variety of settings. Understanding these broader concepts will help you navigate the language more effectively.

Japanese Room Sizes

In Japanese culture, room size can also be an important consideration. “Matsuba,” for example, is a word that describes a small room, while “hiroma” refers to a large, spacious room. Knowing the appropriate word for the size of a room can help you more accurately convey your meaning in Japanese.

Japanese Word English Translation
heya room
matsuba small room
hiroma large room

Now that you have a better understanding of the Japanese concept of “room,” let’s explore some common words used to refer to specific types of rooms in Japanese in the following section.

Common Japanese Words for Room

Now that you have a basic understanding of the Japanese concept of a room, let’s explore the most common words used to refer to a room in Japanese. Learning these words will help you to better communicate your ideas and concepts related to rooms.

Japanese Word Translation Pronunciation
部屋 heya heh-yah
muro moo-roh
ma mah

The first and most common word for “room” in Japanese is “部屋” (heya). This is the word you are likely to hear most often in everyday life. The second word, “室” (muro), is a more formal and academic word. The third word, “間” (ma), is often used in combination with other words to refer to specific types of rooms.

It’s important to note that Japanese grammar places the noun before the adjective, so when describing a room in Japanese, you would say “広い部屋” (hiroi heya), which translates to “a spacious room” in English. The word order is different from English, but it’s an important aspect to remember when learning Japanese.

Other Words for Room in Japanese

While the words listed above are the most common, there are other words that are used to refer to different types of rooms. Here are a few examples:

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Japanese Word Translation Pronunciation
寝室 shinshitsu shin-shee-tsoo
居間 ima ee-mah
台所 daidokoro die-doh-koh-roh

The word “寝室” (shinshitsu) refers specifically to a bedroom, while “居間” (ima) refers to a living room or lounge. “台所” (daidokoro) is the word for kitchen in Japanese.

Now that you have a better understanding of the vocabulary related to rooms in Japanese, let’s move on to exploring different types of rooms and their specific vocabulary.

Different Types of Rooms in Japanese

Japanese culture places great emphasis on the different types of rooms used in a household. Learning the Japanese words for these rooms will help you understand how they are perceived in Japanese culture.


The Japanese word for bedroom is shitsubyou, which literally translates to “sleeping room.” This word is made up of two kanji characters: 寝 (sleep) and 室 (room).

Japanese Word Translation Pronunciation
寝室 Shitsubyou SHI-TSU-BYO-U

Living Room

The living room is called ima in Japanese, which means “now” or “present.” This is because the living room is the place where family members spend most of their time together.

Japanese Word Translation Pronunciation
居間 Ima EE-MA


The Japanese word for bathroom is furoba, which literally means “bath space.” In traditional Japanese homes, the bathroom is typically separated from the toilet and sink areas.

Japanese Word Translation Pronunciation
風呂場 Furoba FU-RO-BA


The kitchen in Japanese is called daidokoro, which translates to “cooking place.” In traditional Japanese homes, the kitchen would often be separate from the living room and other areas of the home.

Japanese Word Translation Pronunciation
台所 Daidokoro DA-I-DO-KO-RO

Learning these basic Japanese words for different types of rooms will help you better understand the cultural significance of each area in a Japanese household.

Expressing Room in Japanese Sentences

Now that you’ve learned the different words for rooms in Japanese, it’s time to start using them in sentences. Here are some examples of how to express concepts related to rooms in Japanese:

English Japanese Romaji
The living room is comfortable. リビングルームは快適です。 Ribingu rūmu wa kaiteki desu.
The bedroom is quiet. ベッドルームは静かです。 Beddo rūmu wa shizuka desu.
The bathroom is small. バスルームは小さいです。 Basu rūmu wa chiisai desu.

When using these phrases in conversation, it’s important to pay attention to pronunciation. Here’s a guide to help you properly pronounce these words:

Japanese Word Romaji Pronunciation
リビングルーム Ribingu rūmu
ベッドルーム Beddo rūmu
バスルーム Basu rūmu

With these phrases and pronunciations, you’ll be able to express yourself clearly when talking about rooms in Japanese.

Additional Vocabulary Related to Rooms

Now that you are familiar with the common Japanese words for rooms, let’s expand your vocabulary further with some additional words and phrases related to rooms in Japanese.

First, let’s learn some words for furniture in Japanese:

Japanese English
ベッド bed
ソファ sofa
テーブル table
イス chair
タンス chest of drawers

Next, let’s look at some words for household items:

Japanese English
カーテン curtain
じゅうたん carpet
クローゼット closet
エアコン air conditioner
テレビ television

Finally, let’s learn some phrases related to rooms:

Japanese English
お風呂 bath
トイレ toilet
ドア door
天井 ceiling

With these additional vocabulary words, you can expand your Japanese language skills and enrich your understanding of rooms and household items in Japanese culture.

Embrace the Japanese Room Culture

Rooms in Japan have a special cultural significance that goes beyond their functionality as living spaces. To fully appreciate and understand this unique aspect of Japanese culture, it’s important to explore traditional Japanese room designs and customs.

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The Tatami Room

The traditional Japanese room, called a “washitsu,” typically features a tatami floor made of woven straw mats. Tatami rooms are designed to be functional and comfortable, with minimalistic furniture and a focus on simplicity and natural materials.

In addition to serving as a living space, tatami rooms are also used for tea ceremonies, meditation, and other cultural practices. These rooms are often adorned with traditional Japanese decorations such as paintings, calligraphy, and flower arrangements.

The Tokonoma

The “tokonoma” is a recessed alcove in the tatami room that serves as a display area for artwork or other decorative items. It’s a place of honor and is typically decorated with a scroll, flowers, and a small bonsai tree.

When guests enter a tatami room, they are typically seated facing the tokonoma, which is a sign of respect for the objects displayed within it. The tokonoma is a symbol of the Japanese aesthetic of “wabi-sabi,” which emphasizes the beauty of imperfection and simplicity.

The Futon

In Japan, sleeping arrangements are typically quite different from those in the west. Instead of a traditional bed, Japanese people often sleep on a “futon” on the tatami floor.

A futon is a light, padded mattress that can be easily rolled up and stored away during the day. It’s typically placed on top of a tatami mat and covered with a duvet-like cover called a “futon cover.”

The Shoji Screen

Another characteristic feature of traditional Japanese rooms is the “shoji” screen. These are thin, sliding doors made of rice paper and wooden frames.

Shoji screens are used to divide rooms and create separate spaces, while still allowing natural light to flow through. They can also be used for privacy and are typically decorated with subtle patterns or illustrations.

In conclusion, understanding the Japanese room culture will give you a greater appreciation for the country’s centuries-old tradition of minimalism and simplicity in interior design. Incorporating some of these elements into your own living space may help you achieve a sense of peace and tranquility in your own life.


Q: How do I say “room” in Japanese?

A: The word for “room” in Japanese is “heya”.

Q: Are there different words for different types of rooms in Japanese?

A: Yes, Japanese has specific words to describe different types of rooms. Some examples include “mado” for window, “beddo” for bedroom, “ima” for living room, “ofuro” for bathroom, and “daidokoro” for kitchen.

Q: How do I pronounce the Japanese word for “room”?

A: The word “heya” is pronounced as “he-yah” with a slight emphasis on the second syllable.

Q: Can you provide me with some additional vocabulary related to rooms in Japanese?

A: Certainly! Here are a few additional words and phrases related to rooms: “isu” for chair, “tsukue” for desk, “tana” for shelf, “kabe” for wall, “hikidashi” for drawer, and “byōshi” for clock.

Q: What are some traditional Japanese room designs and customs?

A: Traditional Japanese room designs often include tatami mats, sliding doors called “fusuma”, and low furniture. It is common to remove shoes before entering a Japanese room, and there are specific customs for seating and interactions within these spaces.

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